The Great Spartans

Leah Hayes McAlister & Abi Jones

"This is Sparta"

-King Leonidas(300)



The Spartan society was based on several elements. Their rich history consists of government, religion, economics, art and architecture, science and technology, education, and social and cultural values.

Government: Free citizens had more privileges than the slaves or the non citizens. Rules varied in different city-states. Most cities followed the Athenian System. Sparta's politics were very controversial. It was a mix of several different systems, including monarchy, oligarchy and democracy. This was very different to most of the other city-states at the time. It was considered strange to most other Greeks. Most of Greece no longer supported the idea of one person ruling, and instead charged to oligarchy and democracy. The Spartans on the other hand, kept the idea of kings ruling two at a time. Under the kings, there was a council of thirty elders. These thirty elders were all free-born Spartan males.

Religion: Religion was one of the most important aspects in Greeks life.The Greek religion was mostly Animistic. Every aspect of life was governed by a God. Every city-state had it's own special God that was worshiped more than another. The Spartans worshiped in temples and alters.

Economics: The Spartans were divided between classes. There were the Helots; the lowest class of Spartans. They were the people who participated in manual labor and farm work.The Helots were still depended on in war. There were also the Perioci class and the Spartans who were immersed in war.

Art and architecture: The architecture of Sparta was far from impressive. The truth is, Sparta was so focused on the military they really did not have enough time to design amazing temples and alters.

Science and technology: Not an extreme amount of advancements were made in science because the Spartans were so focused on war. Some advancements in war were made however. The catapult was invented and adapted by the Spartans. Also, it is known that the Sparta had decent ships which made for a powerful navel. The Spartans were advanced in health. Medicine was well used by Sparta and much was known about how to cure wounds and promote good health. Sparta is known to be one of the only early civilizations to use medicine on a regular basis just to be healthy.

Education: Some scholars have found surviving literary texts including Plutarch's biographies. The helpful findings we considered helpful because they showed some of Sparta's political and social history. The most important thing for all male children was a good education. Girls usually stayed at home with the mothers and helped them weave. As well as learned other household arts. Only few girls learned how to read. Boys started school at age seven, at school they learned how to read and write and eventually learned verses of poets. Boys also learned how to play the harp and sing.

Social and Cultural Values: Military was everything. Everyday boys and men would train for war after working out. Everyone eats together. Sparta really was a very communal city-state. Yes, people threw babies off cliffs if they were deformed... but the Spartan military was a group effort. The society relied on men for the most part. Women were expected to do homely activities and bear strong children.

Sparta and Ensworth are alike in some ways. Both have a strong focus on fitness and physical health. however, I could not see anyone from Ensworth throwing a child off a cliff because of a physical problem. Sparta and Ensworth also believe in the importance in community and family. War was a group effort, like a football game is a group effort to the Ensworth students. Education was somewhat important for boys in Sparta, where as education is EXTREMELY important at Ensworth. The focus in the Spartan city-state was on boys, and girls were accpected to be mothers. At Ensworth the girls are pushed just as hard and succeed. EHS does not have the social classes as the Spartans, however people with a great amount of money are still high on the food chain.

1.How was Sparta's navy in comparison to the combat?

2. How were the children who were displeasing killed?

3. How long exactly were the Spartans around?

4. What kind of medicine did the Spartans use daily?

  • People first settled in Olympia in around 3000 BC
  • Olympia hosted the first Olympic games in 776 BC.
  • Olympians were religious and worshiped Zeus.
  • Home to one of the seven wonders of the world, the gold statue of Zeus.
  • The golden statue of Zeus was destroyed in a fire in 330 AD.
  • The Altis, or a sacred enclosure with other temples within.
  • In 456 BC the Temple of Zeus was built in Olympia.
  • The last time that the Olympic games were held in Olympia was in 393 AD
  • Olympia was prone to earthquakes, several large earthquakes occurred between 300 AD and 393 AD
  • In 1896, the Olympic games was brought back, and was held in Greece as a tribute to its birthplace, Olympia.


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