ISparta and Marathon- Matthew Barker, Wyatt McClellan, and Ben Barrier


Sparta pictureEducationSparta.jpgThis is a picture of a Spartan ruler (kIng)


Government-

- Was an Oligarchy
-In Sparta was ruled by kings.
-There were also 28 men that made up the Council of Elders.
-They were 28 nobles that proposed laws and made decisions on court cases.
-There was also the spartan assembly which made up and represented all male citizens.
-They could approve or reject the Council of Elders decisions.
-They would elect 5 male citizens to be ephors, they over sought the military and monitored the actions of other groups.
-The government forced all kids when they were 7 years old to go into the military.
-They trained until retirement. Every Council of Elder member had been a former solider.
Athens and Sparta (Overview)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 30 Sept. 2010. <http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/>



Questions

1) Why did the Spartan government make children start so young in the military?

2) Where were women in the government and society?







Religion-



Economy:
The majority of Spartans seem to have been content to lead lives of the utmost frugality and simplicity. They had no means of being wealthy, since the Spartan economy was “wholly agrarian.” We do not know if every citizen had a spot in th to him or her at birth. Most of the Spartan population was at the same point on the economic scale. Generals said they were as greedy as the rest though.

Questions:
A) Why did the Spartans not have different classes for there society?
B) Why did they have no means of being wealthy; unlike today all some people care about is money?

http://www.globaled.org/nyworld/materials/greek3.html



Science/ Technology-
-Technology was mostly used in warfare

-The shield- Shields were usually large enough to cover a solider's whole body
It was the most primary part of defense, most important part of equipment.

-The Cuirass- Two bronze disks tied together and formed a shield for the upper body.

-The Helmet- Made of one piece most of the time covered the whole head.
Only the eyes were free, it increased confidence.

-The Spear- Usually 2-3m long with a think iron point. Was often too heavy
to be used in close combat

-The Sword- The primary weapon on the battle field. Most were short and double sided
http://www.knowledgegalaxy.net/spartan_weapons/spartan_weapons.html

Questions

1) What certain things made all the ancient weapons so unique when found?

Ruins_of_the_acropolis_at_Sparta.jpeg
Ruins of the acropolis at Sparta." Image. iStockPhoto. World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 2 Oct. 2010. <http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/>

Education:
In Sparta when boys were seven years old, they left their homes and entered the “public educational system.” The point was to produce a well-drilled military machine made of soldiers who were "obedient to the word of command, capable of enduring hardships and victories in battle." Each boy was assigned to a group known as the “agela. They had to go through training that was hard and painful. The purpose was to produce men who were not only physically fit but also disciplined. Their education did not end till they reached thirty.


Questions:
A) Why were the Spartans so serious about their education that it did not end until the age of thirty?
B) What did the girls do as their part in the society?

http://www.csupomona.edu/~plin/ls201/greece4.html




Social Lives-

-The Spartans were raised just to be warriors from a young age the Spartans lived a tough life style.
-Becoming a citizen with rights was a really hard thing to do in Ancient Sparta for both women and men in the society.
-Before going through rigorous training, males and females had to pass a fitness test right after birth.
-Weak children were abandoned to die, and only the people with strong were allowed to have a chance at life.
-At the age of 7, boys in Ancient Sparta were encouraged to leave home and join sternly disciplined groups (brotherhoods) where they were toughly trained until the age of 18.
http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210200/ancient_greece/daily_life.htm



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Olympia!!!!!!!!!!!




Government-
- Was considered as a Cult center in ancient Greese.
- It was a meeting place for clan Chiefs os Western Greece.
- It was neutral ground for citizens of the diverse City-States to meet.
- Was also used so settle disputes and make treaties.
- Was one of the most important cities and religious centers in ancient greese.

-http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/587461?terms=Olympia

Economy:
The ancient Greek economy is somewhat of an enigma or a person or thing that is mysterious, puzzling, or difficult to understand. Ancient Greek civilization flourished from around 776 to 30 B.C.

Questions:
A) Why is there not more evidence?
B) Who did they trade and "work" with?

http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/engen.greece

Education:
BOYS:
Boys were taught at home by their mothers until they were 6 or 7 years old. Then boys in Sparta were sent to military camps of their brotherhood when they turned 7. They learned how to read and write until they were about 14. The Spartan government wanted to make the boys tough. They were given barely any clothing and no shoes. They slept on hard beds made of reeds and got no covers. They were trained in survival skills and how to be a good soldier. Reading and writing were not as important as becoming a soldier. They were more taught on the side.
GIRLS:
The girls were trained in the school of their sisterhood. The girls were taught physical education. They took classes like wrestling, gymnastics, and combat training. The Spartans wanted girls to be strong so that they would have healthy children. At age 18 the Spartan girl had to pass a fitness test. Then she was then assigned a husband and allowed to return home. She did not want to fail the fitness test.

Questions:
A) Why do they not care about reading and writing?
B) Do all city states test girls like that?

http://www.olympia-greece.org/ancient-daily-life.html

Science-