Sparta 480-360 BCE

  • one of the best city-states Greece, Sparta's common rival Athens. Sparta was located in the south of Greece region known as the Peloponnesian the city dominated southern Greece shortly after 600 BCE. In 404 BCE Sparta became powerful Greek city, after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
  • In 222 BCE Sparta was captured and defeated by the Macedonian King Antigonus III.
  • the next 80 years, Macedonian and Sparta surrendered to the Rome's army.
  • Sparta, a interesting Greek city, was a program of patriotic indoctrination and it had a full time army for males. The army/program came about in the mid-600s BCE, most likely the Spartan's statesman, Lykourgos was involved in the birth of the program.
  • Lykourgos was known as a hero to by older generations of Spartans. Today nothing is known of his life. He is known to have shaped Sparta into a authoritarian state. It was known to maintaining the bravest and most disciplined of all hoplite armies.
  • part of Peloponnesian league.
(book, The Spartans by Paul Cartledge)


  • a sanctuary of god Apollo in central Greece, Delphi was the most authoritative of all ancient Greece, it contained the most famous of Greek oracles.
  • The Delphic oracles were a priestess, the Pythia, who would go into a trance to speak Apollo's answers to suppliants' questions. During Delphi's busy heyday
  • in 500 BCE as many as 3 Pythias held the office at once.
  • Delphi is located about 2,000 ft. above sea level. Delphi sits on the south part of Mt. Parnassus, north of central Corinthian Gulf, in the region once known as Phocis.
  • Delphi may celebrate Apollo's cult, Delphinios (meaning dolphin or porpoise).
  • Delphi's buildings were ruined by an earthquake .